Anemia and it’s causal reasons

Anemia is one of the most common types of health conditions. It is more often seen in young girls and women than in males. It is something which most of us face at some or the other point of our lives and hence it is very important to know in brief about it. In this article we have tried to explain in brief about Anemia and its causes. Keep on reading the articles to know more.

WHAT IS ANEMIA?

Anemia is a condition of the body where the number of Red Blood Cells becomes too low. The result is that oxygen is not able to reach all the parts of the body as it should be. This leads to several health conditions such as weakness, fatigue and many other problems. The role of red blood cells or erythrocytes is to carry oxygen to all the parts of the tissue. The red blood cells contain hemoglobin which is the basic constituent made up of iron. When the iron count in the body is low, the red blood cells are not able to bind with oxygen and hence are not able to carry oxygen to all the parts of the body. The anemia is measured according to the amount of hemoglobin that is present in your blood. Hemoglobin is a protein that is present inside the red blood cells which helps in carrying oxygen from lungs to all the tissues and cells of the body.

WHAT CAUSES OF ANEMIA?

There are several conditions which lead to anemia, but few of the most important ones are the deficiency of iron in the body, deficiency of Vitamin b12 in the body and deficiency of folate in the body. An imbalance in the production and destruction of the red blood cells may also lead to anemia. This happens as 0.8 to 1% of the red blood cells in our body are replaced every day which have a lifespan of about 100 to 120 days. If any of these processes has a negative effect then, it might cause imbalance which may result into Anemia.

We can summarize the causes of anemia in two different ways. First occurs in such cases where there is a decrease in the red blood cell production and second occurs when there is an increase in the red blood cell destruction. Both the conditions may lead to deficiency of iron in the body and may cause anemia. When talking about the decrease in red blood cell production, there are several processes. Inadequate stimulation of the red blood cell production is one of the reasons. The hormone responsible for the red blood cell production is erythropoietin which is produced by the kidneys. Anemia may also occur when your body is not getting appropriate intake of iron content or when the content of vitamin b12 is low or there is deficiency of Folet in the body. Other reason for anemia can be hypothyroidism.

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